FEATURED ARTIST PORTRAITS VALENTIN SEROV 

Valentin Alexandrovich Serov Paintings!

Valentin Alexandrovich Serov (Russian Валенти́н Алекса́ндрович Серо́в; 19 January 1865 – 5 December 1911) was a Russian painter, and one of the premier portrait artists of his era.
From 1890 on, the portrait became the basic genre in Serov’s art. It was in this field that his early style would become apparent, the paintings notable for the psychologically pointed characteristics of his subjects. Serov’s favorite models were actors, artists, and writers (Konstantin Korovin, 1891, Isaac Levitan, 1893, Nikolai Leskov, 1894, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, 1898, – all in the Tretyakov gallery).
Initially abstaining from the polychromatic, brightly colored painting style of the 1880s, Serov often preferred a dominant scale of black-grey or brown tones. Impressionistic features appeared sometimes in composite construction of a portrait, or to capture a sense of spontaneous movement. As in the work of his contemporaries John Singer Sargent and Anders Zorn, the impressionism is not doctrinaire, but derives as much from the study of Hals and Velázquez as from modern theory. Receiving wide popularity, in 1894 Serov joined with the Peredvizhniki (The Itinerants), and took on important commissions, among them portraits of grand duke Pavel Alexandrovich, (1897, Tretyakov Gallery), S.M. Botkin, 1899, and F.F. Yusupova, 1903 as well as Princess Olga Orlova (these in the Russian Museum in St. Petersburg). In these truthful, compositionally skillful, and picturesque executions in the grand manner, Serov consistently used linear-rhythmic drawing coupled with decorative color combinations.
At the same time, he developed a contrasting direction: he frequently produced intimate, heartfelt, chamber portraits, mainly of children and women. In portraits of children Serov aspired to capture pose and gesture, to reveal and emphasize a spontaneity of internal movement, sincere cleanliness and clearness of attitude of the child (Children, 1899, Russian Museum; Mika Morozov, 1901, Tretyakov gallery). Serov frequently called upon various graphic techniques – watercolors, pastels, lithographs and so forth. Figures in Serov’s portraits gradually became more and more graphically refined and economical, particularly during the late period (Vasily Kachalov, 1908, Tamara Karsavina, 1909; numerous figures from Ivan Krylov’s fables, 1895–1911). From 1890 to 1900 Serov produced many landscape compositions on country themes, in which the artistic direction took a romantic turn.
The best works of Serov are among the greatest of Russian realistic art. He taught in the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture from 1897 to 1909), and among his students were Pavel Kuznetsov, N. N. Sapunov, Martiros Saryan, Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin, N.P. Ulyanov, and Konstantin Yuon.
A minor planet, 3547 Serov, discovered by Soviet astronomer Lyudmila Zhuravlyova in 1978 is named after him.

Валенти́н Алекса́ндрович Серо́в (7 (19) января 1865, Санкт-Петербург — 22 ноября 1911, Москва) — русский живописец и график, мастер портрета.

Walentin Alexandrowitsch Serow (russisch Валентин Александрович Серов, wiss. Transliteration Valentin Aleksandrovič Serov; * 7. Januarjul./ 19. Januar 1865greg. in Sankt Petersburg; † 22. Novemberjul./ 5. Dezember 1911greg. in Moskau) war ein russischer Maler, Grafiker und Porträtmaler. Er gilt als ein Vertreter der russischen Jugendstilmalerei.

瓦伦丁·阿历克塞诺维奇·谢罗夫(Валентин Александрович Серов1865年 – 1911年) 是俄罗斯著名肖像画家。

谢罗夫从童年时期就师从列宾学画,1880年进入圣彼得堡美术学院,他的早期画风深受列宾的现实主义画派和在圣彼得堡美术学院任教的契斯恰柯夫的注重形体画风的影响。他于1887年的作品《女孩和桃子》中,体现了他对光和色彩的表现能力,深受印象主义画派的影响。

1890年以后,谢罗夫的作品主要体现在肖像画上,他画了大量的画家、作家和演员的肖像,很注重表现人物的心理状态。他的画风从明亮的光线和色彩转变为灰色和棕色的调子。1894年他加入巡回展览画派。他后期的作品逐渐变得更为简练和精确。1900年以后他创作了许多风景画,画风想浪漫主义画派风格转移。
进入20世纪后,他开始想现代派的画风靠拢,但仍然保留他的现实主义痕迹。1903年成为圣彼得堡美术协会成员。但他的思想具有民主意识,积极支持1905年到1907年的革命,1905年为了抗议1月9日的屠杀,退出美术协会。晚年绘制了一些历史画,和以神话为题材的作品。从1897年至1909年他在“莫斯科建筑、雕塑、绘画学校”任教,培养出许多俄罗斯著名画家。

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